Command line interface

For administrative tasks, the Veyon Configurator and the command line tool Veyon CLI are available. The program can be started via the command veyon-cli in the command line. On Windows there’s an additional non-console version veyon-wcli which allows to automate tasks without irritating command line window popups. If the $PATH (Linux) or %PATH% (Windows) environment variable does not contain the Veyon installation directory, you must first change to the installation directory or prepend the directory to the program name.

If the program is called with the help parameter, a list of all available modules is displayed. The list can vary depending on the installed Veyon plugins:

$ veyon-cli help
Available modules:
    authkeys - Commands for managing authentication keys
    config - Commands for managing the configuration of Veyon
    ldap - Commands for configuring and testing LDAP/AD integration
    networkobjects - Commands for managing the builtin network object directory
    power - Commands for controlling power status of computers
    remoteaccess - Remote view or control a computer
    service - Commands for configuring and controlling Veyon Service
    shell - Commands for shell functionalities

Each CLI module supports the help command, so that a list of all available commands can be displayed for each module. Sample output for the config module:

$ veyon-cli config help
Available commands:
    clear - Clear system-wide Veyon configuration
    export - Export configuration to given file
    get - Read and output configuration value for given key
    import - Import configuration from given file
    list - List all configuration keys and values
    set - Write given value to given configuration key
    unset - Unset (remove) given configuration key
    upgrade - Upgrade and save configuration of program and plugins

For some modules the help command can be supplied with a command name as an additional argument to get specific help for a command:

$ veyon-cli remoteaccess help control

remoteaccess control <host>

Authentication key management

The authkeys module allows the management of authentication keys so that common operations such as importing an authentication key or assigning a user group can be automated easily.

Note

The <KEY> parameter always refers to a key name consisting of a name identifier and a type, e.g. teacher/public. A name identifier must consist of letters only. The type has to be either private or public.

create <NAME>

This command creates a authentication key pair with name <NAME> and saves private and public key to the configured key directories. The parameter must be a name for the key, which may only contain letters.

delete <KEY>

This command deletes the authentication key <KEY> from the configured key directory. Please note that a key can’t be recovered once it has been deleted.

export <KEY> [<FILE>]

This command exports the <KEY> to <FILE> authentication key. If <FILE> is not specified a name will be constructed from name and type of <KEY>.

extract <KEY>

This command extracts the public key part from the private key <KEY> and saves it as the associated public key. When setting up another master computer, it is therefore sufficient to transfer the private key only. The public key can then be extracted.

import <KEY> [<FILE>]

This command imports the authentication key <KEY> from <FILE>. If <FILE> is not specified a name will be constructed from name and type of <KEY>.

list [details]

This command lists all available authentication keys in the configured key directory. If the details option is specified a table with key details will be displayed instead. Some details might be missing if a key is not accessible e.g. due to the lack of read permissions.

setaccessgroup <KEY> <ACCESS GROUP>

This command adjusts file access permissions to <KEY> so that only the user group <ACCESS GROUP> has read access to it.

Configuration management

The local Veyon configuration can be managed using the config module. Both the complete configuration as individual configuration keys can be read or written.

clear

This command resets the entire local configuration by deleting all configuration keys. Use this command to recreate a defined state without old settings before importing a configuration.

export

This command exports the local configuration to a file. The name of the destination file must be specified as an additional parameter:

veyon-cli config export myconfig.json
import

This command imports a previously exported configuration file into the local configuration. The name of the configuration file to be imported must be specified as an additional argument:

veyon-cli config import myconfig.json
list [defaults | types]

This command shows a list of all configuration keys and their corresponding values. This way you can get the names of the configuration keys in order to read or write them individually via the get or set commands. When additionally specifying defaults the default value for each configuration key is printed instead of the actual configured value. Alternatively the data types of the configuration keys can be inspected by specifying types.

get

This command allows reading a single configuration key. The name of the key must be supplied as a parameter.

veyon-cli config get Network/PrimaryServicePort
set

This command can be used to write a single configuration key. The name of the key and the desired value must be passed as additional arguments:

veyon-cli config set Network/PrimaryServicePort 12345
veyon-cli config set Service/Autostart true
veyon-cli config set UI/Language de_DE
unset

With this command a single configuration key can be deleted, i.e. Veyon then uses the internal default value. The name of the key must be passed as an additional argument:

veyon-cli config unset Directories/Screenshots
upgrade

With this command the configuration of Veyon and all plugins can be updated and saved. This may be necessary if settings or configuration formats have changed due to program or plugin updates.

LDAP

The commands available in the ldap module are documented in section Command line interface in chapter LDAP/AD integration.

Network object directory

As described in the section Locations & computers, Veyon provides a built-in network object directory that can be used when no LDAP server is available. This network object directory can be managed in the Veyon Configurator as well as on the command line. Certain operations such as CSV import are currently only available on the command line. For most commands, a detailed description with examples is available in the command-specific help. The following commands can be used in the networkobjects module:

add <TYPE> <NAME> [<HOST ADDRESS> <MAC ADDRESS> <PARENT>]

This command adds an object, where <TYPE> can be location or computer. <PARENT> can be specified as name or UUID.

clear

This command resets the entire network object directory, i.e. all locations and computers are removed. This operation is particularly useful before any automated import.

dump

This command outputs the complete network object directory as a flat table. Each property such as object UID, type or name is displayed as a separate column.

export <FILE> [location <LOCATION>] [format <FORMAT-STRING-WITH-VARIABLES>]

This command can be used to export either the complete network object directory or only the specified location to a text file. The formatting can be controlled via a format string containing placeholder variables. This allows to generate CSV file easily. Valid variables are %type%, %name%, %host%, %mac% and %location%. Various examples are given in the command help (veyon-cli networkobjects help export).

Note

When using this command in batch files or through scheduled tasks on Windows make sure to properly escape the percent sign, i.e. use %%type%% instead of %type%. Otherwise the individual parts of the format strings will be treated as environment variables and substituted with empty strings in most cases. This will lead to unexpected parse errors.

import <FILE> [location <LOCATION>] [format <FORMAT-STRING-WITH-VARIABLES>] [regex <REGULAR-EXPRESSION-WITH-VARIABLES>]

This command can be used to import a text file into the network object directory. The processing of the input data can be controlled via a format string or a regular expression containing placeholder variables. This way both CSV files and other types of structured data can be imported. Valid variables are %type%, %name%, %host%, %mac% and %location%. Various examples are given in the command help (veyon-cli networkobjects help import).

Note

When using this command in batch files or through scheduled tasks on Windows make sure to properly escape the percent sign, i.e. use %%type%% instead of %type%. Otherwise the individual parts of the format strings will be treated as environment variables and substituted with empty strings in most cases. This will lead to unexpected parse errors.

list

This command prints the complete network object directory as a formatted list. Unlike the dump command, the hierarchy of locations and computers is represented by appropriate formatting.

remove <OBJECT>

This command removes the specified object from the directory. OBJECT can be specified by name or UUID. Removing a location will also remove all related computers.

Power

The power module allows to use power-related functions from the command line.

on <MAC ADDRESS>

This command broadcasts a Wake-on-LAN (WOL) packet to the network in order to power on the computer with the given MAC address.

Remote access

The remoteaccess module provides functions for a graphical remote access to computers. These are the same functions that can be accessed from the Veyon Master. The function provided by the command line tool can be used for example to create an program shortcut for direct access to a specific computer.

control

This command opens a window with the remote control function that can be used to control a remote computer. The computer name or IP address (and optionally the TCP port) must be passed as an argument:

veyon-cli remoteaccess control 192.168.1.2
view

This command opens a window with the remote view function to monitor a remote computer. In this mode the screen content is displayed in real time, but interaction with the computer is not possible until the corresponding button on the tool bar has been clicked. The computer or IP address (and optionally the TCP port) has to be passed as an argument:

veyon-cli remoteaccess view pc5:5900

Service control

The service module can be used to control the local Veyon Service.

register

This command registers the Veyon Service as a service in the operating system so that it is automatically started when the computer boots.

unregister

This command removes the service registration in the operating system so that the Veyon Service is no longer automatically started at boot time.

start

This command starts the Veyon Service.

stop

This command stops the Veyon Service.

restart

This command restarts the Veyon Service.

status

This command queries and displays the status of the Veyon Service.

Shell

Simple shell functionalities are provided by the shell module. If this module is called without further arguments, an interactive mode is started. In this mode, all CLI commands can be entered directly without having to specify and call the veyon-cli program for each command. The mode can be left by entering the keyword exit.

Furthermore the module can be used for automated processing of commands in a text file in order to implement simple batch processing:

run <FILE>

This command executes the commands specified in the text file line by line. Operations are executed independently of the result of previous operations, i.e. an error does not lead to termination.